During the Cold War, the Soviet submarine force was a force to be reckoned with. The Soviet Unions underwater killing machine inspired the imagination of Westerners. Tom Clancys 1984 novel Hunting the Red October (remake the following year) describes the story of a fictional Soviet Typhoon-class ballistic missile nuclear submarine fleeing to the United States. During the years of confrontation between Washington and Moscow, many Americans imagined a Soviet submarine lurking near their coastline. The submarine enabled the US and the Soviet Union to launch the Doomsday Nuclear Decision under the shelter of the tranquil deep sea.
Reported that after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russian submarine forces and many other arms fell into recession together. In recent years, however, Russian officials have made efforts to modernize the army. From upgrading the cold war submarine model to meet todays challenges to designing new platforms such as the North Wind divine and the Pewter Tree submarine, Russia is clearly determined to revive its underwater fleet.
Shark class nuclear submarine
The Soviet-built nuclear-powered attack submarine is known as the Snow Leopard Class 971, and its NATO code name Shark is more widely known. Although this kind of submarine is not as quiet as some Western submarines, it is still an effective threat, especially after a series of upgrades after the cold war.
From 1986 to 1992, the Soviet Navy had seven shark class I nuclear submarines in service. Between 1992 and 1995, Russia had two or four improved shark class I submarines in service. Russia has begun to design a more comprehensive improved shark class II, the action code 971A project. The feature of this improvement is that the hull is extended to 110 meters and the drainage capacity is increased to 12770 tons. The improved design uses a quieter engine than its predecessor, making the shark class II submarine the quietest submarine in Russia.
The Kilo class submarine has a smaller hull. The Iranian version boasts an underwater drainage capacity of 3076 tons and a hull length of 70 meters. Conventional Kilo class submarines have six torpedo launchers. The platform is suitable for TEST-71MKE remote control anti-submarine electric self-seeking torpedo and other underwater weapons. The latter can carry 205 kilograms of explosives. Kilo-class submarines can also release up to 24 mines. The submarine can also carry eight air defense missiles compatible with the surface-to-air missile systems of Arrow-3 and Pin.
636.3 Warsaw Womens Submarine (Modified Kilo Class)
The North Wind divine submarine is 170 meters long and each submarine has 24,000 tons of underwater drainage. The Yuri Dolgoruki and its sister ships can carry 16 RSM-56 submarine-launched ballistic missiles. The Brava missile is equipped with 150,000 tons of equivalent nuclear warheads and has a range of 8,000 kilometers. It has been reported that the range of RSM-56 missile may be longer and more destructive: the range can reach 10,000 kilometers and the explosion equivalent is 500,000 tons. In addition to the ballistic missile payload, the Beifeng Shen-class submarine is equipped with six torpedo launchers, which can launch a variety of anti-submarine torpedoes.
The 885 White Wax Tree project of Russian Northern Shipyard is another measure taken by Russia to deal with shark-class nuclear submarines. The nuclear-powered submarine will eventually replace the old Soviet design and meet Moscows demand for powerful attack submarines. The first white wax tree-class submarine, the North Devinsk, joined the North Fleet in North Morsk in 2014.
With a length of 111 meters and an underwater drainage capacity of about 135,000 tons, the Pewter class boat can carry all kinds of weapons against land targets, surface ships and other submarines. In order to carry out anti-submarine missions, the Pewter tree level is equipped with eight torpedo launchers, which can launch long-range P-800 onyx supersonic cruise missiles. The agate missile can also be used as an anti-ship weapon. For land targets, the paraffin tree-class submarine can launch a 3M51 cruise missile with a nuclear warhead and a range of 800 km.