The National Bureau of statistics has released 2017 survey report on migrant workers: the total number of 280 million people.

category:Global
 The National Bureau of statistics has released 2017 survey report on migrant workers: the total number of 280 million people.


Data map: migrant workers The report said that in the total number of migrant workers, 171 million 850 thousand people out of migrant workers, an increase of 2 million 510 thousand people over the previous year, an increase of 1.5%, an increase of 1.2 percentage points from the previous year; 114 million 670 thousand local migrant workers, an increase of 2 million 300 thousand over the previous year, 2%, and the growth rate is still faster than the growth of migrant workers. Among migrant workers, there are 137 million 100 thousand migrant workers, an increase of 1 million 250 thousand over the previous year, an increase of 0.9%. The report shows that among migrant workers, 95 million 100 thousand migrant workers in the province, 2 million 420 thousand more than the previous year, increased by 2.6%, accounting for 55.3% of the migrant workers, up 0.6 percentage points from the previous year, and increased year by year since 2014. The new migrant workers mainly flow in the province, and migrant workers in the province account for 96.4% of the increment of migrant workers. In the region, the migrant workers in the eastern region accounted for 82.5%, 0.3 percentage points higher than the previous year; the migrant workers in the central region accounted for 38.7%, 0.7 percentage points higher than the previous year; the migrant workers in the western region accounted for 49%, and 1.2 percentage points higher than that in the previous year; the migrant workers in the northeast region accounted for 76.4% of the migrant workers. It was down 0.7 percentage points over the previous year. From the output point of view, 104 million 300 thousand migrant workers in the eastern region, an increase of 300 thousand people over the previous year, an increase of 0.3%, accounting for 36.4% of the total number of migrant workers; 94 million 500 thousand people in the central region, an increase of 1 million 710 thousand people over the previous year, up 1.8%, accounting for 33% of the total number of migrant workers, and 78 million 140 thousand in the western region, an increase of 2 million 510 thousand and an increase of 3.3% over the previous year, accounting for an increase of 3.3%, accounting for the increase of the number of migrant workers in the western region. The total number of migrant workers is 27.3%, and the number of migrant workers in Northeast China is 9 million 580 thousand, an increase of 290 thousand over the previous year, an increase of 3.1%, accounting for 3.3% of the total number of migrant workers. The number of migrant workers in the western region is obviously faster than that in other areas. The number of migrant workers in the western region accounts for 52.2% of the new migrant workers. From the input point of view, 159 million 930 thousand migrant workers in the eastern region, 330 thousand more than the previous year, increased by 0.2%, accounting for 55.8% of the total number of migrant workers; 59 million 120 thousand migrant workers in the central region, an increase of 1 million 660 thousand more than the previous year, 2.9%, accounting for 20.6% of the total number of migrant workers; in the western region, 57 million 540 thousand workers, workers and peasants, increased more than the previous year. Adding 2 million 700 thousand people, the increase of 4.9%, accounting for 20.1% of the total number of migrant workers; in the Northeast China migrant workers 9 million 140 thousand people, 100 thousand more than the previous year, an increase of 1.1%, accounting for 3.2% of the total number of migrant workers. From the key areas, 22 million 150 thousand migrant workers in the Beijing Tianjin Hebei region, an increase of 720 thousand and 3.3% over the previous year; 53 million 870 thousand migrant workers in the Yangtze River Delta region, an increase of 780 thousand and 1.5% over the previous year; 47 million 220 thousand of the migrant workers in the Pearl River Delta region, a decrease of 450 thousand and 0.9% over the previous year. According to the report, 65.6% of all migrant workers and 34.4% of women are migrant workers. Among them, 31.3% of migrant workers accounted for 0.4, a decrease of 0.4 percentage points over the previous year, and 37.4% of local migrant workers, an increase of 0.2 percentage points over the previous year. Among the total number of migrant workers, 19.8% were unmarried and 77.8% had spouses, which was basically the same as last year. Among migrant workers, 64.5% were spouses, 0.3 percentage points lower than the previous year, 25.7 percentage points lower than those of local migrant workers. The average age of migrant workers is increasing, and the proportion of migrant workers over 50 years old is increasing rapidly by the change of rural population structure, the increase of rural labor participation in all ages, especially in the rural labor force of 50 years and above, and the increase of rural migrant workers local transfer. The average age of migrant workers in 2017 was 39.7 years, an increase of 0.7 years over the previous year. From the age structure, the proportion of migrant workers 40 years old and below is 52.4%, down 1.5 percentage points from the previous year. The proportion of migrant workers over 50 years old is 21.3%, which is 2.2 percentage points higher than that of the previous year. Since 2014, the proportion of migrant workers is increasing. From the employment site of migrant workers, the average age of migrant workers is 44.8 years old, of which the proportion of 40 years old and below is 33.6%, the proportion of 50 years old is 32.7%, which is 3 percentage points higher than that of the previous year; the average age of migrant workers is 34.3 years old, among which the proportion of 40 years and below is 72.3%, and the proportion of the above 50 years old is 9.2%. An increase of 1.1 percentage points in the year. The new generation of migrant workers born in 1980 and later have gradually become the main body of migrant workers, accounting for 50.5% of the total number of migrant workers in the country, 0.8 percentage points higher than that of the previous year; the old generation of migrant workers accounted for 49.5% of the total number of migrant workers in the country. Among migrant workers, 1% of them did not go to school, 13% of primary school education, 58.6% of junior high school education, 17.1% of high school education, and 10.3% of college education. The proportion of migrant workers with college education and above is 0.9 percentage points higher than that of the previous year. Among the migrant workers, the college and above cultural degree accounted for 13.5%, 1.6 percentage points higher than that of the previous year; among the local migrant workers, the college and above cultural degree accounted for 7.4%, which was 0.3 percentage points higher than that of the previous year. The report shows that the proportion of migrant workers in the second industry is 51.5%, down 1.4 percentage points from the previous year. Among them, the proportion of migrant workers engaged in manufacturing is 29.9%, 0.6 percentage points lower than that of the previous year; the proportion of migrant workers engaged in construction industry is 18.9%, which is 0.8 percentage points lower than that of the previous year. The proportion of migrant workers in the third industry is 48%, 1.3 percentage points higher than that of the previous year. Among them, the proportion of migrant workers engaged in wholesale and retail trade was 12.3%, which was equal to the previous year. The proportion of migrant workers engaged in transportation, warehousing and postal services, accommodation and catering, residential services, repair and other services were 6.6%, 6.2% and 11.3% respectively, up 0.2, 0.3 and 0.2 percentage points respectively over the previous year. In addition, the proportion of migrant workers in the financial industry, education, culture, sports and entertainment services industry is low, but the proportion is increasing year by year. The average monthly income of migrant workers was 3485 yuan, an increase of 210 yuan over the previous year, an increase of 6.4%, and the growth rate dropped 0.2 percentage points over the previous year. The growth rate of household service, repair and other service industry was 2.4, 0.4 and 0.1 percentage points lower than that of the previous year. The monthly average income growth of construction, wholesale and retail, transportation, warehousing and postal workers increased by 1.2, 2.9 and 1 percentage points, respectively, compared with the previous year. According to the report, the per capita living space of migrant workers in cities is 19.8 square meters, an increase of 0.4 square meters over the previous year. The per capita living space of 5 square meters and the number of migrant workers living below 4.6% accounted for 1.4 percentage points lower than the previous year. The larger the city scale, the smaller the per capita living space of migrant workers. In more than 5 million cities, the per capita living area is 15.7 square meters, which is 0.2 square meters higher than that of the previous year; among them, the per capita living area of 5 square meters and below is 5.7%, a decrease of 1.7 percentage points over the previous year. The report shows that migrant workers in cities have better protection for childrens education. The rate of admission to children aged 3-5 years old (including pre-school classes) was 83.3%, an increase of 0.6 percentage points over the previous year. Among the 3-5 year old children in the garden, 26.7% were public kindergartens, up 1.3 percentage points over the previous year, and 33.8% were inclusive private kindergartens, down 0.8 percentage points over the previous year. The rate of school age for compulsory education children is 98.7%, which is basically the same as last year. From the type of school, the age of primary school was 82.2% in the public school, 0.4 percentage points higher than that of the previous year; 10.8% in government funded private schools, 1.7 percentage points higher than the previous year. The age of junior middle school was 85.9% in the public school, 2.7 percentage points higher than that of the previous year; 9.7% in government funded private schools, 0.4 percentage points lower than the previous year. 96.7% of the parents of migrant workers believe that children have not been discriminated against in schools, up 0.3 percentage points over the previous year, and 0.4% of the parents of migrant workers believe that discrimination is 0.1 percentage points lower than that of the previous year. For migrant children at compulsory education stage, 55.8% of migrant workers parents are facing some problems in urban schooling, down 2.4 percentage points from the previous year. The three main problems were the high cost, the difficulty of local study and the lack of child care. The identification rate of the migrant workers was the highest, with the recognition rate of 26.4%, 24.4% and 23.8% respectively. Among them, the high rate of high cost and the identification rate of local education decreased by 0.8 and 1.7 percentage points respectively, and the approval rate of childrens lack of care was 2.4 percentage points higher than that of the previous year. The report shows that migrant workers in cities have a sense of belonging to their cities. Among the migrant workers, 38% thought they were the locals living in the city, 2.4 percentage points higher than the previous year. From the adaptation of the migrant workers to the local life, 80.4% of the local life was adapted to and more adaptable to the local life, 18.3% of them were generally, 1.3% of which were not suitable and very inappropriate.