US official report says China is a supertechnology Power Media: ecstasy.

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 US official report says China is a supertechnology Power Media: ecstasy.


The US government issued a biennial report on science and engineering indicators that China may have become a superpower. But Chinese scientists believe that we should rationally understand our level of science and technology and the current situation of manufacturing industry. The United States wears Chinas super technology power hat. In a sense, it is Ecstasy. The National Science Foundation and the National Science Council have published a biennial report on science and engineering indicators that China may have become a superpower of Super Science and technology. However, the US Department of Commerce announced in April 16th that it would ban US companies from selling parts, goods, software and technology to ZTE for 7 years until March 13, 2025. This has aroused concern among Chinese people about the lack of core competitiveness in China, and has also led to discussions and Reflections on some of Chinas core technologies being controlled by others. Rational understanding of the state of science and technology in China U. S. science and engineering indicators report said that the United States and China have become the worlds first and the second largest R & D consumer countries, accounting for 26% and 21% of the worlds total in 2015, respectively. In accordance with the current growth rate, China will soon become the worlds largest R & D consumer country; Chinas technical talent team is expanding, with 1 million 650 thousand bachelors degree graduates in 2014 and 742 thousand in the United States in the same period; Chinas technical level is also significantly higher and dared to try hard technical requirements. Fields, such as the development of small jet aircraft, etc. Indeed, since the eighteen Party of the party, the innovation driven strategy has been vigorously implemented, and the construction of the innovative country has been fruitful. The heavenly palace, the dragon, the heavenly eye, the Wukong, Mo-tse and the big plane have come out successively. But... In April 13th, 3 days before the United States sanction ZTE communications, the reporter interviewed Zhu Gaofeng, the former vice president of the Chinese Academy of engineering, on the development of Chinas manufacturing industry. He said that although China was a big manufacturing country, the manufacturing industry in recent years has made certain progress both in scale and in the quality of development, but we should be aware that: They are not yet manufacturing powerhouses. Many core technologies are still controlled by others. He mentioned the chip problem in particular: domestic enterprises have made significant progress in chip technology at present, but are mainly confined to the field of design and packaging; and the gap between Chinas production technology and the advanced level of the country is still large. It can be said that the core part of the chip can not be done, we have to import a lot, or design it to manufacture abroad. Therefore, many researchers believe that the United States puts Chinas super technology giant high hat in a sense, which is Ecstasy for Chinas manufacturing industry. We should have a rational understanding of the present situation of Chinas manufacturing industry. The transformation and upgrading are still in the start stage Since 2013, the Chinese Academy of engineering has launched a major consultative research project - the strategy of manufacturing power. Recently, the Engineering Institute officially released the 2017 China manufacturing power development index report (hereinafter referred to as the report). This report is very clear about Chinas manufacturing and industrial development level. At present, the transformation of Chinas manufacturing industry from high speed to high quality is still in its infancy, and the manufacturing industry is still not free from the path dependence of scale pulling. The transformation from quantity expansion to quality improvement will be a long process. Zhu Gaofeng, who is the head of the strategic research project of the manufacturing power of the Engineering Institute, said that because of the long process, it is more urgent for Chinas manufacturing industry to improve its quality and improve its supply quality. It might be more clear to see the statistics. According to the report, the quality benefit index and structural optimization index of the manufacturing power index from 2012 to 2016 are generally good, but there is still a big gap compared with the United States, Japan and Germany. In 2016, Chinas quality benefit index and structural optimization index were 13.59 and 24.37 respectively, while the United States was 59.56, 47.61, and Japan was 28.62, 32.76 respectively, and Germany was 25.45 and 44.98 respectively. The development center of equipment manufacturing industry of the general machinery research institute is one of the undertaking units of the report. The two sets of figures of Wu Jin military, the head of the center, illustrate the necessity and urgency of improving the quality and efficiency of Chinas manufacturing industry. The first is that Chinas core technology is highly dependent on foreign dependence. Most of the high-end equipment, key components and components, key materials and other key materials needed for industrial development depend on imports, and the core and key technologies are highly dependent on the external dependence. For example, the field of automobile, ESP security system almost all rely on import; high grade CNC machine tool field, under the national major special support, machine tool domestic high-end CNC system domestic market share increased from less than 1% in 2009 to 7%, although the five axis linkage precision machine tool realized industrialization breakthrough, but the vast majority still rely on import, industry still In the critical period of climbing over the ridge, in the field of communications, more than 80% of chips rely on imports, and in the past 5 years, more than 200 billion US dollars have been imported each year. Secondly, over the years, Chinas manufacturing industry is overly dependent on the large-scale investment of resources and funds, the development mode is extensive, the quality of the product is not high, and the efficiency of the utilization of resources and energy is low. The annual value added rate of manufacturing industry is about 20%, while the value added rate of manufacturing industry in developed countries is generally over 35%, and the United States and Germany even exceed 40%. Weak basic research restricts the development of Technology In terms of industrial structure, China has already established a more comprehensive industrial system, but many of the core technologies in this system are not ours. This is an old and difficult problem. The main reason is that our basic research is not enough. Zhu Gaofeng explained the origin of the problem from a historical perspective. After the founding of the Republic, the Communist Party took over a poor country with a very weak industrial base. The central government has determined the development of disciplines through the task oriented development policy and the important tasks of some countries. This way has the necessity of its existence under special historical conditions, and has also made great achievements. But its defect is that we can not study the foundation of industry from the discipline development law, including basic theory, basic materials, basic technology and basic components. After the reform and opening up, the development of Chinas technology industry depends largely on the introduction. Because of the main pursuit of speed, it has not fundamentally solved the problem of industrial basic research. Therefore, we now have problems in many aspects such as product design, production technology and so on. And progress like production technology can never be achieved overnight. On the other hand, technological innovation is the key to achieving a big and strong manufacturing industry. But our innovation ability is weak as a whole. Wu Jinjun added that at present, about 70% of the technology needed to develop industrial products in China is exogenous technology from outside the enterprise, not by the enterprise itself. Because of the poor innovation ability, China is still in the manufacturing - processing - assembly link in the international division of labor, which is low in technical content and added value. It is lack of competitiveness in the links of high value-added R & D, design, engineering contract, marketing and after-sales service. Overall, improving innovation capability is the key to enhancing the competitiveness of Chinas manufacturing industry. Wu Jinjun has always believed that it is necessary to break through the strategic field to manufacture equipment constraints, to achieve synchronous development of the manufacturing equipment and the new field, and to eliminate the import equipment dependence introduced in the stage of technological development. For example, the import of electronic information, graphene and carbon fiber new materials, automotive lightweight manufacturing and other emerging industries are heavily dependent on import of manufacturing equipment, and it is urgent to break through the bottleneck of manufacturing equipment with innovation. Many of the core technology products are also dependent on imports Zhu Gaofeng summarized briefly the following aspects: Semiconductor processing equipment is dominated by Japan, the United States and Holland; ultra precision machine tools, Japan, Germany, Switzerland and so on; Chinas material and manufacturing industry is large and not strong, such as iron and steel, our annual output has exceeded half of the worlds total output, but still can not produce a few special high quality steel; space and automobile collar. The problem of heart disease is outstanding. High performance aircraft engines are heavily dependent on imports. Automobile engines are mainly foreign capital and joint venture brands. The phenomenon of lack of core and less base is common. China is a big country in medicine, but foreign medical equipment monopolies the domestic market, many high-end medical equipment imports account for more than 90% and drugs are also imported. There is a gap between the generics that account for more than 90% of the domestic drugs and imported drugs, which is also one of the causes of expensive medical expenses. Therefore, Wu Jinjun put forward that to master the core technology, especially to master the core technology of the advanced manufacturing equipment, which is the basic, leading and strategic working machine, can we completely change the current situation of the development level of our manufacturing equipment industry lags behind the overall manufacturing level, and tamp the foundation of the manufacturing power. Source: ScienceDaily daily, editor of China Science and Technology Net: Ji Xue Ying _NN6784 Semiconductor processing equipment is dominated by Japan, the United States and Holland; ultra precision machine tools, Japan, Germany, Switzerland and so on; Chinas material and manufacturing industry is large and not strong, such as iron and steel, our annual output has exceeded half of the worlds total output, but still can not produce a few special high quality steel; space and automobile collar. The problem of heart disease is outstanding. High performance aircraft engines are heavily dependent on imports. Automobile engines are mainly foreign capital and joint venture brands. The phenomenon of lack of core and less base is common. China is a big country in medicine, but foreign medical equipment monopolies the domestic market, many high-end medical equipment imports account for more than 90% and drugs are also imported. There is a gap between the generics that account for more than 90% of the domestic drugs and imported drugs, which is also one of the causes of expensive medical expenses. Therefore, Wu Jinjun put forward that to master the core technology, especially to master the core technology of the advanced manufacturing equipment, which is the basic, leading and strategic working machine, can we completely change the current situation of the development level of our manufacturing equipment industry lags behind the overall manufacturing level, and tamp the foundation of the manufacturing power.