Today (April 26th), the Ministry of defense held a press conference to report a number of achievements, issued a joint communique, and announced the establishment of an expert working group of the National Defense Council of the SCO member countries. In April 24th, the fifteenth defense ministers meeting of member states of the Shanghai cooperation organization was held in Beijing. However, the defense ministers arrived in Beijing as early as April 23rd and met Xi Jinping on the same day. Do the guards wear military uniform when they go out for meetings? The government knows whether the answer is or not. The news of the news shows that a formal defense official wore a suit when he met with Xi Jinping on such a formal occasion. Its different in a lot of defense. He is Dastjil Khan, Minister of defense of Pakistan. Only the iron bar guard does not wear military uniform In turn, it is easy to see why the leader of the Ba tie is particularly special. The 7 national defense chief (Ralph Kopf, Belarus defense minister, as a special guest speaker and Xi Jinping meeting, and Hao Rans ambassador to China in China received a meeting), only one person in Dastjil Khan was dressed in a formal dress and the other 6 defense ministers were in the army. Of course, it also includes Wei Fenghe, our defense minister who presided over the meeting for second days. This seemingly inappropriate dress can not help but make people wonder: is there anything special about the diplomatic etiquette of Ba tie? The answer is not so. For reasons behind it, Zheng Zhijun interviewed Song Zhongping, a military commentator. He analyzed that the defense system of Pakistan is very similar to that of the US defense system, and most of its DOD staff are civilian. Both the Secretary of defense and officials at all levels are mainly civilian. In fact, in addition to the United States, there are many other countries in the West that practice civilian defense system. Of course, it also applies to many other countries affected by its system, such as Pakistan and Japan. Song Zhongping said. Why is India and Pakistan so the Minister of Commerce as a defense? The SCO defense ministers meeting was different from the previous 14, and more than two new members came out. Last year, India and Pakistan joined the SCO formally to become a member state. Zheng noted that this was the first expansion of the organization since its establishment. As a matter of fact, Dastjil Khan, who mentioned the meeting of western style clothes, should not be the only one. Because, like Pakistan, India also adopts a civilian defense system, and its current defense minister, F Tara Man, is also not a soldier. But on the day of April 23rd, on behalf of the Indian side, Hao Ran, the ambassador of India to China, attended the meeting, not the defense minister F Tara Man. However, in the communiqu issued after the meeting, F Tara Man still attended the second day meeting. As you can see in the photo, F Tara Man is wearing a green India traditional costume, and in our countrys defense Wei Fenghe, Dastjil Khan, wearing a black suit. What is more interesting is that Dastjil Khan and F Tara Man in the same frame have a common similarity. Public information shows that in August 1, 2017, Brazil was the new Prime Minister of Pakistan, and he retained a number of former government members, and former Minister of Commerce, Dastjil Khan, was appointed as the current Minister of defense by the new prime minister. Similar to Dastjil Khans track, F Tara Man, who was transferred to the defense department in the second half of last year, served as Minister of Commerce and industry of India. At the beginning of F Tara Mans appointment, though some analysts believed that the defense mechanism of India was composed of many departments and systems, the defense minister was not necessarily the insider. But India and Pakistan both chose to let the Minister of Commerce serve as the defense secretary. Song Zhongping explained to the administration that this is related to its national defense system. Such an arrangement is not only unexpected, but even very counterpart. Taking Pakistan for example, the functions of the Ministry of defense are limited, mainly in charge of the management of the military finance, the acquisition of weapons and equipment, and the application of all kinds of military and military expenses. Therefore, the Secretary of defense first needs to grasp the knowledge and management ability of Finance and commerce, rather than military capability. Obviously, the Minister of commerce is familiar with the above fields. Such a personnel arrangement can be said to be very opposite, Song Zhongping analysis said, in India, there is a similar situation. In fact, his predecessor was the same as the Minister of finance before the defense. The American civil service is ingrained According to the information, the United States Constitution and the national security law stipulate that the Minister of defense, the Deputy Minister of the Ministry of defense and the Minister of the army of the three army must be held by civilian officers. This means that the leading members of the US National Security Council, the Ministry of national defense and the headquarters of the army, navy and air force are civil servants. The data show that the US Department of defense workers accounts for about 75% of the Chinese staff, even in the operational command system based on active servicemen, with a considerable number of civilian personnel. In addition, the deep-rooted concept of civilian management of the armed forces in the United States is reflected in many aspects. First, the United States has very strict non military requirements for the appointment of defense ministers. According to the relevant regulations, those who are out of active service for 10 years should not be appointed as ministers of defense, first deputy ministers and vice ministers responsible for policy. Such a civilian secretary with no rank must listen to his orders. In order to avoid the Oolong of outsider leaders, the members of the Joint Chiefs of staff under the United States Department of defense are all professional soldiers with the highest ranks of the United States Army. But even if the chairman of the Federation is known as the private defense adviser of the president of the United States, there is no affiliation between the Federation and the various military departments. In fact, it is not qualitatively separated from the nature of the coordinating body of the protocol, and does not belong to any part of the two lines of military and military orders. Some analysts pointed out that the purpose of establishing the Council is to give full play to the professional militarys expertise in military affairs under the fundamental principles of civilian management of the army. However, such a setting is more consistent with the fact that the civilian leadership of the civil service is deeply rooted in the United States. There is no conclusion about which system is better for military and civilian defense. Song Zhongping thinks that the system of each country is different, and it is not good to say who is good. The system that adapts to the national conditions is the best.