Plagiarism, the US military never stopped before World War II and after the cold war.

category:Military
 Plagiarism, the US military never stopped before World War II and after the cold war.


[Global Times comprehensive report] editors note: after the United States announced the sanctions on ZTE, the United States Congress followed the report that there is a solid evidence that the Chinese government and its related subjects have repeatedly involved the theft and abuse of intellectual property. In recent years, the United States frequently accuses China of infringing or even plagiarizing other countries patents, just like a intellectual property guard. In fact, in the history of the United States, the case of intellectual property rights piracy in other countries has never ceased. The most powerful US military force has left behind many cases in the process of its rise. Before the first war: Mausers bastard did not recognize his father At the end of the nineteenth Century, America, with its increasingly plump wings, began to show its empire teeth expanding abroad. In 1898, the United States declared war on the declining Kingdom of Spain and seized Cuba, Philippines and other colonies in one fell swoop. However, the victory of the American army has caused a voice in the domestic society, because many of their weapons have been proved to be too late, especially the Craig Jorgensen rifle in the hands of the American soldiers, still using the old five rounds of rotating cartridge, which is not a rival of the German made Mauser M93 rifle used by the Spanish. The range or the precision of the hit is down in the lower wind. In the fight in San Juan, Cuba, 750 Spanish regular armies equipped with a musket caused more than 1400 casualties in a short period of time with the advantage of range and speed, and even later US President Theodore I was almost killed. At the end of the Spanish American war, the US Army Ordnance bureau put forward the demand for developing new rifles. At first, a number of U. S. arms dealers have found the German Mauser company, hoping to buy the most advanced Mauser M1898 rifle patents, or simply cooperate to produce American special rifles. I did not expect the Mauser company to feel a wonderful place to live. From the first to the transfer of technology, to later simply not to talk about the transfer of the design drawings, only to provide the most basic engineering drawings and acceptance samples, and to require the United States to make a gun, to give Mauser a patent fee. The United States naturally refused to accept such a overlord clause, and the introduction of the virtues rifle to one shot, two rounds. Then the US Springfield Arsenal quickly got the sample of the Mauser M1898 rifle, and then spent more time digging into the assistance of several senior technicians from Germany. After more than one year of groping, the 7.62 mm caliber cartridge rifle was finally launched in accordance with the American military standard. The model and Mausers original gun were each other. In June 1903, the American War Department formally approved the gun set and put into operation, this is the famous M1903 rifle (Zuo Shangtu), the United States produced more than 100 million, accompanied by the United States in the two World War, known as the soldiers lover. What is intriguing is that this Mauser illegitimate child came out and was criticized by German public opinion, claiming that the US illegal Shanzhai musket. However, the US military and the company are bold enough to say that M1903 is a masterpiece of local military industry and has nothing to do with outsiders. Before the outbreak of the first World War in 1914, the US army tried to improve the precision of the M1903 rifle in the far distance, picked it up or felt that the German sighting lens was good. When the other company asked for the size data of the supporting rifle, the American Army replied that the size of the gun and the Mauser rifle in your country is the same, the sight mirrors are produced according to the specifications. This is not the same as do not call oneself. The German Mauser company was indicted in anger and provided the court with a key evidence of M1903s plagiarism in the design of the bridge clip of the Mauser rifle, eventually winning the lawsuit, and the US government was sentenced to a $200 thousand patent fee. Nevertheless, Mauser company has no way to take the rogue behavior of the United States, and can only authorize the United States to undertake licensed production. Soon after Germany was involved in the first World War, the United States declared war on Germany in 1917, and the royalties paid for it naturally ended. Of course, the use of German rifles for the M1903 rifle is also missing. During World War II: the Swedish antiaircraft artillery was illegally copied Like the musket, the Swedish artillery, which sold the world well, could not escape American plagiarism. In 1932, before the outbreak of World War II, the company designed a 40 millimeter M32 - borne antiaircraft gun for the Swedish Navy. Two years later, it launched the M34 traction type 40 millimeter field artillery, which was suitable for army equipment. These two excellent antiaircraft artillery have been eagerly concerned by military countries since they came out. In 1938, the US army sent a delegation to Stockholm to try to purchase the M34 antiaircraft artillery of Swedens burforth company. It did not expect that the purchase price was 10 times higher than the bottom price of the US side because of the failure of the negotiations. Give up. In 1940, the world was in turmoil, and the American army, eager to update the armed forces from Britain to obtain samples of the M34 antiaircraft artillery, found its performance far beyond the old American antiaircraft artillery. Affected by this, the US Navy and navy have made up their minds to equip 40 millimeter. At this time, the U. S. military replacement work is very heavy, the demand for active and new troops is astronomical, but Sweden has seized the opportunity, and in the negotiations with the United States war department, it is not allowed to allow for a neutral state, suggesting that the United States should pay a higher price for the introduction of Swedish weapons patents. . Seeing that the troops were badly in need of equipment, the US war department simply gave up negotiations with the company and ordered the domestic companies to start copying. Soon, the United States Navy from the Dutch East India obtained the draft and the main parameters of the dual loading artillery, transferred to the Pennsylvania York Co mapping and copying. At the same time, the US Army did everything possible to get an army type artillery and related drawings from the British Commonwealth army, and instructed Chrysler to copy it. The two American companies copied each other, resulting in almost no general-purpose parts of the original American model of the Navy and the armys 40 millimeter of the big guns. For American workers, what is most troublesome for them is the extremely high machining accuracy of the parts of the 40 mm antiaircraft gun. In addition, as a result of unauthorized copying, American factories are not clear about the range of cumulative tolerances in the process of assembly and assembly, which causes the same types of parts to be uncommon, so the rate of waste is very high in the assembly. Until the United States got enough experience, it simplified the structure of the big guns, so that the output could be greatly improved. In the World War II Pacific and European battlefields, American illegal models of Antiaircraft Artillery (right top) were favored by the Allied forces. They had effectively dealt with the Japanese suicide aircraft of the divine wind and even the Nazi German V-1 cruise missiles. By the beginning of 1945, the Firefox had become the standard air defense weapon of most allied warships. It is worth mentioning that after the end of World War II, the problem of the private imitation of the American Faux artillery was not solved. The US Army and the company have fought for a long time in commercial lawsuits, and the United States naturally can not get the right to license. It was not until 1957, affected by the cold war, that Sweden, afraid of Soviet military threats, had to make concessions. The United States settled a long dispute with the company, with only a 100 thousand dollar compensation, and finally got the franchise. During the Cold War: a strong Rashid development tank During the cold war, the whole western world depended on the United States against another superpower, the Soviet Union. At that time, American weapons flooded into NATOs national barracks. The United States also forced the allies to accept their own military production standards on the basis of logistical unification. The most typical thing is in 1950s, in which the United States asked all NATO countries to use all the 7.62 millimetre powerful guns in the United States. The result was that the first generation of Western assault rifles in the West were generally bulky and overpower. The battlefield performance was far inferior to the Soviet AK-47 rifle. It was not expected that the United States took MBT-70 as a fishing project, and after working together to dig the technical secrets of West Germany, it suddenly tore up the agreement in 1970 and developed its own M1 Abrams tank. West Germany, which had been betrayed, once had difficulty in riding a tiger. But the severe security situation forced its new tank research and development to continue. By means of improving technology, using mature components, reducing manufacturing costs, and so on, the western German defense armys custom production license was finally obtained in 1977. Later, the famous leopard 2 tank was born. The treacherous U.S. government, after seeing the leopard 2 tank put into production, once again invited West Germany to participate in the United States Armys future main battle tank bidding competition. The long minded German sent only to the castrated version of the Panther 2 test tank. As the Germans expect, the United States actually wants to peek at the technical know-how of leopard 2 by bidding. More wordless, in 2012, the South Korean prosecutor revealed that a Korean engineer had sold the tank transmission to a company in the United States. The transmission is the core technology of the German leopard 2 tank, which is priceless for the US tank industry, which is unable to break through in this field. Looking back on the MBT-70 project that was abandoned at the same time, there was a feeling of not afraid of thieves stealing, but fear of the thief. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the United States achieved the final victory of the cold war. Next, the United States reached almost the most vicious level of the technological looting of the former enemy. According to the Russian national defense magazine, in 1992, in -2000, Russia was abolished and annexed more than 600 military scientific research and production units, nearly 500 thousand Russian scientific and technological personnel lost overseas. Most of the first-class experts were dug out by the United States. As for the situation in Middle East Europe, it would only be worse than Russia. Jo U Asenyev, the deputy general designer of the Russian diamond central maritime Design Bureau, who is good at building high speed warships, has disclosed that in the most difficult days of the 90s of last century, American companies took over 200 engineers from the design bureau at a very small cost. The US asked these new staff to develop a Soviet specific ground effect flying boat for infiltrating the enemy and amphibious landing. Unexpectedly, American companies copied all the components, but they could not assemble a complete ground effect craft. This is because no one of the engineers recruited by the United States has served as a deputy chief designer, which means it is difficult to understand the logical connection between the components and the system. Americas golden bullet is not always effective. In the early 90s of the last century, the United States learned that Czech Tesla was a former manufacturer of the most important passive detection radar in the past, and the latter was developed by the La Mona Tai Ma series radar to find stealth fighters. During the Kosovo war in 1999, the nnl discovered and shot down the US F-117 stealth fighter by using the tower radar. The Pentagon immediately sent people to Czech to try to invite Tesla, a passive radar technology leader, to emigrate to the United States of America in Czech. After the invitation was rejected, in October 2006, the US government, in the form of capital guarantee, supported its native La NOK company to acquire the Czech company to develop passive radar, and completely put technical secrets into its own arms. The headline used by the Czech today newspaper at the time of reporting the incident was: the Czech factory that makes the unique radar is bought by the American company, and The Pentagon can be relieved. The source of this article: Global Times - global network. More brilliant, please log on to World Wide Web http://www.huanqiu.com responsible editor: Lee Ying Ying _NBJS5961